What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye conditions that cause sight loss. Damaged caused by Glaucoma is permanent and whilst treatment cannot restore any sight loss, it can prevent it from happening in the first place.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

The most common form of Glaucoma has very few symptoms and in most cases goes unnoticed because it develops slowly over many years and causes a loss of peripheral vision at first.
In rare cases, the following symptoms can present themselves;
  • Intense eye pain,
  • Red eye
  • Headaches
  • Tenderness around the eyes
  • Seeing rings around lights
  • Blurred vision

Causes of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is caused by an increased pressure in the eye and/or a weakness in the optic nerve in most cases.

Prevention and Treatment of Glaucoma

Whilst there are no treatments that can repair or improve the damage caused by Glaucoma, early treatment can prevent damage and sight loss from happening in the first place.
Treatment for Glaucoma is usually via eye drops to reduce the pressure in the eye, or laser surgery which helps improve drainage of fluid in the eye.

Who does it affect?

Glaucoma can affect anyone at any age so regular routine eye tests are must, but there are some factors which can increase the risk;
  • your age – glaucoma becomes more likely as you get older and the most common type affects around 1 in 10 people over 75
  • your ethnicity – people of African, Caribbean or Asian origin are at a higher risk of glaucoma
  • your family history – you’re more likely to develop glaucoma if you have a parent or sibling with the condition
50% of sight loss is avoidable – get your eyes tested today!

What to do next?

As with any other condition, regular eye tests are vital to help maintain the health of your eyes and vision. This is because our tests can often detect the signs of conditions before the symptoms occur.

If you have any concerns or questions, get in touch, we’re here to help.

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